The Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty does not provide for a review regime. Each State Party must maintain its protection arrangements with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). States parties that have not yet done so must at least conclude a comprehensive protection agreement (INFCIRC/153). In the run-up to unseeping, the United States has asked member states to withdraw their instruments of ratification or membership of the TPNW. Invoking views shared with other nuclear-weapon States (NWS) and recognizing that adherence to the treaty is the sovereign right of some states, the United States criticized the TPNW as an instrument that „reverses the clock on deification and disarmament and is dangerous.“ In 2015, the UN General Assembly established a working group to examine „legal measures, legislation and concrete and effective standards“ to achieve and maintain a nuclear-weapon-free world.  In August 2016, it adopted a report that a „legally binding instrument for the ban on nuclear weapons leading to their total elimination“ is in force in 2017.  A second draft was published on June 27.  It now proposed a specific „Join and Destroy“ option for nuclear-weapon States: States that adhere to the Treaty „present, sixty days at the latest after the presentation of their declaration, a temporary plan for the review and irreversible destruction of their nuclear weapons programme, which will be negotiated with States Parties“ (Article 4,1).   A second „destruction and accession“ option (Article 4, 5) provides only for cooperation with the IAEA to verify the accuracy and completeness of the nuclear material inventory without verifying its elimination. This was changed in the final text.
Another topic discussed was the explicit acceptance of „the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination.“  The corresponding confirmation remained in the final preamble. Second, China has played a constructive role in other negotiations on nuclear relations. For example, it signed the 1996 Multilateral Treaty on the Comprehensive Prohibition of Nuclear Tests and participated in the international system for monitoring nuclear explosions around the world. Five of the system`s seismic stations are located on Chinese territory. Immediately after the vote, the United States, the United Kingdom and France issued a joint statement stating that they „have no intention of signing, ratifying or becoming a party to the treaty.“