In light of recent changes to Russian law and the approach of the courts, although the parties have not formally established a formal condition when a party has indicated the implementation of the agreement (including. B in advance or acceptance), and that its conduct indicates that it considers the agreement to be closed, that party is not entitled to refer to the agreement. which was not closed because they did not put themselves in a state of matter. Russia is involved in bilateral agreements with some 40 countries (such as Cyprus, Spain and Italy) on the enforcement of foreign judicial decisions. 1.5 Please indicate in your legal order whether this is a concept of a „statement of intent“ in which an employer can provide a legally binding or non-legally binding statement of the willingness to enter into a contract at a later date or to commit to certain costs incurred by the contractor, whether a complete contract is concluded or not. 1.4 What are the legal conditions (if they exist) for the creation of a legally binding contract (for example. B in legal orders, offer, acceptance, submission and intent to establish legal relationships, as a rule)? Are there mandatory legal requirements that must be expressed in a construction contract (for example. B decision provisions or the need to prove the contract in writing)? Judgments of foreign courts of foreign countries that do not have bilateral bilateral agreements with Russia may be enforced by Russian state courts on the basis of the principle of reciprocity. In order to obtain the execution of a foreign court decision in Russia, the party concerned must provide evidence to the Russian State Court that Russian court decisions are being enforced in the state concerned. Guarantee letters are also widespread, in which the employer guarantees payment for the first work ordered by the contractor before the agreement, while the applicability of these letters is highly questionable. As a general rule, the only contractors who approve of them are those who have a long positive experience of cooperating with a particular employer or who are very keen to preserve the project and who are willing to take the risk. A construction contract must be concluded in writing. In theory, it is possible to conclude one by exchanging offer and acceptance, but this does not happen in practice.
3.14 As usual in construction and engineering projects in your jurisdiction, the use of direct agreements or guarantees of guarantees (i.e. agreements between the contractor and parties other than the employer who are interested in the project. B, for example, funders, other stakeholders and forward buyers)? Statements of intent or non-binding appointment sheets are concluded at regular intervals, which set out the essential terms and conditions agreed for the duration of contract negotiations for medium- or large-sized projects. Legislation does not directly regulate this issue. If the parties fail to reach an agreement, the dispute is referred for consideration to a court that will assess the contribution of each (contractor and employer) within that time. If the contract contains commercial arbitration clauses, disputes between the parties are referred to the appropriate arbitration tribunal. An arbitration decision is binding and can normally only be challenged in a state court for procedural reasons. By default, the contractor does not have the right to suspend work in the event of a late payment by the employer; However, this right can be defined in the construction contract. The mandatory conditions include the purpose of the agreement (which must be determined fairly precisely) and the work schedule (at least the start date and the end date).